Weed seed bank dynamics during a three year crop rotation in Mediterranean semi-arid region (Northwestern Algeria)
Keywords:soil seed bank, seedling emergence method, species diversity, density, semi arid area
A better understanding of the soil seed bank system could help agricultural systems plan more effective weed control strategies. This study aims to assess the qualitative and quantitative soil weed seed bank composition in a cereal crop grown in northern-western Algeria under conventional farming systems and semi-arid conditions. The study was evaluated each autumn for three years (2018-2019-2020). Soil samples were collected from the field zone at each depth category (0-5 cm, 5-15 cm, and 15-30 cm) and evaluated in a temperature-controlled greenhouse over six months using the seedling-emergence method. Several indexes were used to evaluate the seed bank density, diversity, and species composition. Thirty weed plants from seventeen families were recovered from the soil seed bank. Asteraceae and Poaceae were the most dominant families. The density of seed bank species varied significantly between the superficial (0-5 cm), middle depth (5-15cm), and deeper soil depth (15-30 cm). The averages were 14776.08 m-2 (19.01%), 36977.04 m-2 (47.59%) and 25943.06 m-2 (33.4%), respectively. According to our findings, Chenopodium vulvaria, Amaranthus blitoides, and Convolvulus arvensis were abundant. As a result, the weed seed bank research was critical in predicting the size and distribution of viable weed seeds in the soil. It aids in developing a sustainable weed management program in semi-arid areas by providing early warnings of weed community composition and allowing for informed decisions on long-term weed control.
Andreasen, C., Jensen, H. A., & Jensen, S. M. (2018). Decreasing diversity in the soil seed bank after 50 years in Danish arable fields. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 259, 61-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2018.02.034
Butkevičiene, L.M.; Skinuliene, L.; Auželienė, I.; Bogužas, V.; Pupalienė, R.; Steponavičienė, V. (2021).The influence of long–term different crop rotations and monoculture on weed prevalence and weed seed content in the soil. Agronomy, 11, 1367. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11071367
Carpenter, J. E., & Gianessi, L. P. (2010). Economic impacts of glyphosate-resistant weeds. Glyphosate Resistance in Crops and Weeds: History, Development, and Management, 297-312.
Colbach, N., Busset, H., Roger-Estrade, J., & Caneill, J. (2014). Predictive modelling of weed seed movement in response to superficial tillage tools. Soil and tillage research, 138, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2013.12.002
Derksen, D. A., Thomas, A. G., Lafond, G. P., Loeppky, H. A., & Swanton, C. J. (1995). Impact of post emergence herbicides on weed community diversity within conservation‐tillage systems. Weed Research, 35(4), 311-320. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.1995.tb01794.x
Feledyn-Szewczyk, B., Smagacz, J., Kwiatkowski, C. A., Harasim, E., & Woźniak, A. (2020). Weed flora and soil seed bank composition as affected by tillage system in three-year crop rotation. Agriculture, 10(5), 186. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10050186
Figueroa, J. A., Teillier, S., & Jaksic, F. M. (2004). Composition, size and dynamics of the seed bank in a mediterranean shrubland of Chile. Austral Ecology, 29(5), 574-584. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2004.01392.x
Forcella, F., Eradat-Oskoui, K., & Wagner, S. W. (1993). Application of weed seedbank ecology to low input crop management. Ecological Applications, 3(1), 74-83. https://doi.org/10.2307/1941793
He, Y. H., GAO, P. L., & Qiang, S. (2019). An investigation of weed seed banks reveals similar potential weed community diversity among three different farmland types in Anhui Province, China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18(4), 927-937. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(18)62073-8
Hosseini, P., Karimi, H., Babaei, S., Mashhadi, H. R., & Oveisi, M. (2014). Weed seed bank as affected by crop rotation and disturbance. Crop Protection, 64, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2014.05.022
Izquierdo, J., Blanco-Moreno, J. M., Chamorro, L., Gonzalez-Andujar, J. L., & Sans, F. X. (2009). Spatial distribution of weed diversity within a cereal field. Agronomy for sustainable development, 29, 491-496. https://doi.org/10.1051/agro/2009009
Kumar, R., Kumawat, N., Mishra, J. S., Ghosh, D., Ghosh, S., Choudhary, A. K., & Kumar, U. (2022). Weed dynamics and crops productivity as influenced by diverse cropping systems in eastern India. Indian Journal of Weed Science, 54(1), 18-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.5958/0974-8164.2022.00003.X
Mahé, I., Chauvel, B., Colbach, N., Cordeau, S., Gfeller, A., Reiss, A., & Moreau, D. (2022). Deciphering field-based evidences for crop allelopathy in weed regulation. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 42(3), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-021-00749-1
Marañón T (2001) Ecología del banco de semillas y dinámica de comunidades mediterráneas. In: Zamora R, Pugnaire FI (eds) Ecosistemas mediterráneos. Análisis funcional. CSIC, AEET, Madrid, pp 153–182.
Margalef, R. (1973). Information theory in ecology. http://hdl.handle.net/10261/284346
Mirsky, S. B., Gallandt, E. R., Mortensen, D. A., Curran, W. S., & Shumway, D. L. (2010). Reducing the germinable weed seedbank with soil disturbance and cover crops. Weed Research, 50(4), 341-352. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2010.00792.x
Olaniyan, J., Isimikalu, T., Affinnih, K., Ahamefule, H., Ajiboye, G., & Ajala, O. (2018). Soil Properties and Land-Use Influence on Weed Occurrence in the Southern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria. Albanian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 17(1), 13-22.
PAN—Pesticide Action Network Europe. Alternative Methods in Weed Managment to Glyphosate; Intergrated Weed Management. Pesticide Action Network Europe: Brussels, Belgium,2017. Available online:https://www.pan-europe.info/sites/pan europe.info/files/Report_Alternatives%20to%20Glyphosate_July_2018.pdf
Parish, T., Lakhani, K. H., & Sparks, T. H. (1995). Modelling the relationship between bird population variables and hedgerow, and other field margin attributes. II. Abundance of individual species and of groups of similar species. Journal of Applied Ecology, 362-371. https://doi.org/10.2307/2405102
Piskier, T., & Sekutowski, T. R. (2013). Effect of simplified tillage on the number and distribution of weed seeds in soil. J. Res. Appl. Agric. Eng, 58, 109-117.
Rahali A., Makhlouf M., Benkherbache N. (2011) Influence de l’itinéraire technique su r le stock semencier de mauvaises herbes de la zone semi-aride de Sétif. In: Bouzerzour H. (ed.), Irekti H.(ed.), Vadon B. (ed.). 4. Rencontres Méditerranéennes du Semis Direct. Zaragoza : CIHEAM / ATU-PAM / INRAA / ITGC / FERT. p. 153-162 (Options Méditerranéennes : Série A. Séminaires Méditerranéens; n. 96) http://om.ciheam.org/article.php?IDPDF=801430
Restuccia, A., Scavo, A., Lombardo, S., Pandino, G., Fontanazza, S., Anastasi, U., Cristina A. & Mauromicale, G. (2020). Long-term effect of cover crops on species abundance and diversity of weed flora. Plants, 9(11), 1506. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111506
Shang, Z.H., Deng, B., Ding, L.M., Ren, G.H., Xin, G.S., Liu, Z.Y., Wang, Y.L., Long, R.J., 2013. The effects of three years of fencing enclosure on soil seed banks and the relationship with above-ground vegetation of degraded alpine grasslands of the Tibetan plateau. Plant Soil 364 (1-2), 229–244. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-012-1362-9
Smith, R. G., & Gross, K. L. (2006). Rapid change in the germinable fraction of the weed seed bank in crop rotations. Weed science, 54(6), 1094-1100. https://doi.org/10.1614/WS-06-090R.1
Vasileiadis, V. P., Froud Williams, R. J., & Eleftherohorinos, I. G. (2007). Vertical distribution, size and composition of the weed seedbank under various tillage and herbicide treatments in a sequence of industrial crops. Weed Research, 47(3), 222-230. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2007.00564.x
Zhang, M., Chen, F., Wu, Y., Ma, Y., Guan, S., & Huang, Y. (2017). Characteristics of the soil seed bank of planted and natural restored draw-down zones in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region. Ecological Engineering, 103, 127-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.03.011
Zhang, Z., Li, R., Zhao, C. et al. (2021). Reduction in weed infestation through integrated depletion of the weed seed bank in a rice-wheat cropping system. Agron. Sustain. Dev. 41, 10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-020-00660-1
Zhao, N., He, M. X., Li, H. Y., & Meng, W. Q. (2016, August). The influence of substrates rates on the germination characteristic of a soil seed bank. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 41, No. 1, p. 012018). IOP Publishing. DOI10.1088/1755-1315/41/1/012018
Copyright (c) 2023 Lalia Ammar, Abdelkader Harizia , Kada Righi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.