Emmer wheat – Production parameters

Veronika Curna, Magdalena Lacko-Bartosova


The objective of the present work was to evaluate the influence of growing season and variety on quantitative parameters (the total number of stems per m2 (pcs), the number of productive tillers per m2 (pcs), the average length of the stem and spike (cm), the number of  fertile spikelets (pcs), the number of grains per spike (pcs), weight of grains per spike (g), the weight of thousand grains (g), the share of glumes (%), harvest index, the theoretical yield (t ha-1) of four emmer wheat varieties (Agnone, Farvento, Guardiaregia, Molise sel Colli) grown under the conditions of organic farming in the south of Slovakia. The experiment was established on Scientific Research Base Dolna Malanta near Nitra during 2010–2011 and 2011–2012 growing seasons. Seven quantitative parameters were significantly influenced by the weather conditions. Tasted varieties showed lower influence on quantitative parameters. Only four out of twelve parameters were influenced by the variety. The best adaptable emmer wheat varieties to growing conditions of the south region of the Slovak Republic were Agnone and Guardiaregia which were characterized by the highest theoretical yield and other parameters. Emmer wheat is suitable, advantageous and profitable crop when cultivated under conditions of organic agriculture from the point of its agronomic characters.

Keywords: emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccon Schrank, organic production, quantitative parameters

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